Rehabilitation (often referred to as drug rehab or just rehab) is a term for the processes of medical or psycho therapeutic treatment, for dependency on psychoactive substances such as alcohol, prescription drugs, and street drugs such as cocaine, heroin or amphetamines. Alcoholics and drug addicts are almost invariably found to suffer from general inability to adjust to the norms of the family and society. This exposes them not only to health hazards but also to psychological and legal problems. Consequently they isolate themselves or worse, the society treats them like outcasts. The rehab process aims to rehabilitate them as balanced and well adjusted members of the society, who are at peace with themselves and their surroundings.
Rehabilitation treatment generally includes medication for depression or other disorders, counseling by experts and sharing of experience with other addicts. Some rehab centers include meditation and spiritual wisdom in the treatment process.
Various types of programs offer help in drug rehabilitation including residential treatment (in-patient), outpatient rehabilitation, local support groups, extended care centers, recovery treatment or sober houses, addiction counseling, mental health, orthomolecular medicine and medical care. Some rehab centers offer age and gender-specific programs.
Centre of rehabilitation Hyderabad
Hope Trust Rehabilitation centres follow the following guidlines
1. Clients must be placed in an environment that completely removes alcohol and substances.
2. Detox - alcohol and drug toxins must be removed from the body before treatment can begin.
3. Comprehensive treatment. Clients must be shown how to live healthier, with the help of effective services and therapies.
4. Aftercare. Follow-up, referrals to resources in clients’ communities and continued care should be included in the alcohol rehab experience.
When a patient decides to enter a professional alcohol and drug treatment program, he/ she will begin a journey through four distinct stages of rehab recovery as they learn to develop a clean and sober lifestyle.
The four stages of rehab described here - treatment initiation, early abstinence, maintaining abstinence and advanced recovery - were developed by the National Institute on Drug Abuse for its "Principles of Drug Addiction Treatment: A Research Based Guide" resource for healthcare providers. Experts further state that the future of rehab lies in evidence-based practices. Evidence-based practices mean using the best and most current evidence and studies to make decisions about individual care of patients.
It has been found that medical detoxification works if followed up by other forms of rehab like 12 Step programs, holistic methods, therapy, and continued education. It has also been discovered that keeping in touch with a former addict after they have graduated rehab, as well as helping them to become part of the community once again are all very important components to effective rehab.
The future of rehab lies in finding out what works, how and why it works, and doing those things – while letting go of unworkable rehab treatment methods. This is the best way to create an effective rehabilitation program.